PUPILS AS SUBJECTS OR OBJECTS: POLICY CHANGES IN THE AREA OF PUPILS INFLUENCE
LINDA ERIKSSON, GÖRAN BOSTEDT
The aim of this article is to describe and analyse how policy changes in the three latest Swedish compulsory school, preschool class, and school-age educare curricula affect the political goal of pupil influence. This is done with an interest in implications for utterances of power relations and for didactical considerations for living and learning democracy in school. This article analyses pupil influence by using theories of democracy, power, and didactics. The method used is content analysis. The empirical results show that pupil influence in the curricula is linked to seven concepts: democracy, value, norm, rights, responsibility, influence, participation. Our conclusion is that only small differences exist in terms of the central concepts mentioned in the curricula linked to pupil influence. Secondly, we found a policy shift with respect to the pupils, i.e., viewing pupils as subjects or objects. Thirdly, we found a shift in how learning is viewed in the curricula and the type of didactical questions that are in focus, which illuminates a change in utterances of power relations that challenges possibilities for living and learning democracy in Swedish school education.
Didactics, Policy change, Power, Pupil Influence.
LINDA ERIKSSON, GÖRAN BOSTEDT (2021). Pupils as subjects or objects: Policy changes in the area of pupils influence. International Journal of Teaching and Education, Vol. IX(2), pp. 14-29. , DOI: 10.52950/TE.2021.9.2.002
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