INVESTIGATING WORK ETHIC AND ITS PERTINENT FACTORS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY IN SHIRAZ, IRAN
JAHANGIR JAHANGIRI, MOHAMMAD HASSAN HEIDARIAN, MOHAMMAD TAGHI IMAN
The main purpose of this paper is to study socio-cultural and economic factors related to work ethic. Accordingly the first step of the study was to test and analyze the subject of the research. Then the national and international researches related to the subject were studied and some of them were reported. Subsequently, various sociological theories were reviewed and, finally, Weber's theory was chosen as the theoretical framework of the research. The statistical population of the study consisted of nurses working in private and public hospitals of the Shiraz for which 390 individuals were selected as the study sample through multi-stage cluster sampling method. A questionnaire was used for data collection. The validity of the questionnaire was verified through the validity of the translation and facial validity, and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The data gathered by questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS. After analyzing the data and testing the hypotheses, the findings of the research were presented in descriptive and inferential sections. The descriptive findings of the research indicate that the work ethic has been at a low level for 2.1% of the respondents, at a medium level for 69.2% of the respondents, and at a high level for 28.7% of the respondents. In the present study, 14 hypotheses were developed, where 4 hypotheses were confirmed via one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) after analyzing the hypothesis. The findings in this section of the data analysis showed that 4 variable, including place of birth, social class, media consumption, and religious identity have a significant relationship with work ethic. In addition, the results of multivariate regression analysis showed that four variables, i.e. religious identity, media consumption, place of birth, and work history, with 15.6, 7.5, 1.3, and 1 percent, respectively, predict 25.4% of the total work ethic changes. The obtained results are analyzed and discussed in final section of the study.
ethic, work ethic, work, nurses, hospital, Shiraz.
JAHANGIR JAHANGIRI, MOHAMMAD HASSAN HEIDARIAN, MOHAMMAD TAGHI IMAN (2018). Investigating Work Ethic and its pertinent Factors: a Cross-sectional Study in Shiraz, Iran. International Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. VII(2), pp. 17-35. , DOI: 10.52950/SS.2018.7.2.002
Received: 4 Jun 2018
Revised: 27 Jul 2018
Accepted: 6 Sep 2018
Published: 20 Sep 2018
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