POST-WORLD WAR II FORCED REPATRIATIONS TO YUGOSLAVIA: GENOCIDE'S LEGACY FOR DEMOCRATIC NATION BUILDING

DOROTHY S. MCCLELLAN, NIKOLA KNEZ

Abstract:

This paper examines the long-term challenges to democratic nation building that have resulted from the forced repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Croatian civilians and military personnel to Yugoslavia at the end of World War II. Data suggest that violations of the Geneva Conventions led to the death of many of these asylum seekers at the hands of Tito's Partisans in death marches and mass executions. Through analysis of historical documents, newly released evidence of mass graves, and interviews with survivors/witnesses, confessed perpetrators, military officials and scholars, we examine the atrocities in the context of international human rights law, with discussion of subsequent promulgation of protocols for the protection of refugees, asylum seekers, and prisoners of war from crimes against humanity and genocide.

Keywords:
forced repatriation, genocide, international law, democracy, violations of international law, Geneva Conventions, asylum seekers, communist crimes, Yugoslavia, human rights, prisoners of war

DOI: 10.52950/SS2018.7.2.004

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APA citation:
DOROTHY S. MCCLELLAN, NIKOLA KNEZ (2018). Post-World War II Forced Repatriations to Yugoslavia: Genocide's Legacy for Democratic Nation Building. International Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. VII(2), pp. 62-91. , DOI: 10.52950/SS2018.7.2.004


Copyright © 2018, Dorothy S. McClellan et al, dorothy.mcclellan@tamucc.edu