Social economy has received attention as an inclusive growth model which solves various social problems and at the same time, responds to structural low growth. Especially, it has appeared as an alternative to solve social problems including the high rate of unemployment, job insecurity, and the gap between the rich and the poor as it was selected as one of 100 national agendas for state affairs government projects since the inauguration of the new government. In Korea, people are growing more and more interested in social economy as the legal bases related to social economy including ‘the Social Enterprise Promotion Act’ in 2007 and ‘the Framework Act on cooperatives’ in 2012 were prepared. Gimhae first enacted an ordinance for revitalizing social economy in Gyeongsangsnam-do to do community projects by supporting social enterprises’ foundation and development and will first establish a ‘social economy support center’in September, 2018 in the Yeongnam area. This study tries to analyze the characteristics and support policies of social economy in Gimhae by doing its theory and the general status of its organizations including social enterprises, cooperatives, community-based enterprises, and self-support companies in it, and by conducting interview style surveys on activists of social economy organizations of Gimhae. For current social economy of Gimhae, the number of businesses is lower than that of other local governments and there would be companies suffering practical operation. Normalizing operation is needed through implementation of consulting for suspended companies. Gimhae is still at a rudimentary stage despite great efforts to develop it. Therefore, for facilitation and growth of Gimhae city’s social economy, not a policy focusing only on quantitative index growth, but consulting and proactive promotion, finance and education support are needed for improving autonomy of sustainable social economy organizations. Rather than direct support of the government and local autonomous governments, specialized support activities where civilians participate in Gimhae city’s social economy support center. The study tries to provide basic materials of social economy in Gimhae and seek for solutions to develop and revitalize it in the future.

Gimhae-si, Social Economy, Policy

DOI: 10.52950/SS.2019.8.1.001


APA citation:
MINJI KIM, EUITAY JUNG (2019). Status and Analyses of Social Economy in Gimhae-si, South Korea. International Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. VIII(1), pp. 1-16. , DOI: 10.52950/SS.2019.8.1.001

Received: 23 Dec 2018
Revised: 8 Feb 2019
Accepted: 6 Mar 2019
Published: 20 Mar 2019

Copyright © 2019, Minji Kim et al,